The most popular way to forge the competitiveness

2022-08-06
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Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the reform and development of state-owned enterprises has gone through an extraordinary process. The modern state-owned enterprise system with Chinese characteristics has been gradually established, the layout of the state-owned economy has been continuously optimized, and the innovation ability and market competitiveness of state-owned enterprises have been continuously enhanced. The overall strength of state-owned enterprises has been continuously enhanced, the management and operation mechanism has been continuously improved, the layout structure has been significantly optimized, the operation quality has been significantly improved, innovative achievements have been emerging, the business performance has been significantly improved, and the party building has been significantly strengthened, playing an increasingly important role in China's economic and social development

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accelerate the pace of building a modern state-owned enterprise system with Chinese characteristics 。 The modern state-owned enterprise system with Chinese characteristics is characterized by integrating the leadership of the party into all links of corporate governance and embedding the party organization into the corporate governance structure. It is necessary to thoroughly implement the two "consistency", adhere to the unity of the party's leadership and the improvement of corporate governance, further clarify the legal status of the party organization in the corporate governance structure, and ensure that the party organization takes direction, manages the overall situation, ensures implementation, and gives full play to its leadership role. We will comprehensively promote and standardize the construction of the board of directors, optimize the composition of the board of directors, standardize the rules of procedure of the board of directors, strictly enforce the selection, appointment and performance management of directors, and enhance the decision-making ability and overall function of the board of directors. Strengthen the implementation of the functions and powers of the board of directors, and give full play to the functions of the board of directors in making major decisions, selecting and employing personnel, and salary distribution according to law

accelerate the pace of improving the market-oriented operation mechanism. The core and key to the reform of state-owned enterprises is to establish a flexible and efficient market-oriented management mechanism and continuously stimulate the vitality and development power of state-owned enterprises. The management level should be managed according to the market law, the professional manager system should be implemented, and the identity conversion channel between the members of the enterprise's management level and the professional managers should be unblocked, so as to realize that the positions can be promoted or demoted, the personnel can enter or leave, and the income can be increased or decreased. We will actively promote the reform of equity diversification and mixed ownership, organically combine the introduction of various types of capital with the conversion of operation mechanism, and actively explore the governance mechanism and supervision mode different from those of solely state-owned companies. We will improve the long-term incentive and restraint mechanism, establish and improve a differentiated salary distribution system that matches the selection method, adapts to the functional nature of the enterprise, and is linked to business performance, and mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity of various talent officers in state-owned enterprises

accelerate the adjustment and optimization of the layout and structure of the state-owned economy. Adjusting and optimizing the layout and structure of the state-owned economy is an urgent need to improve the overall function and efficiency of the state-owned economy. It is also an internal requirement to improve the core competitiveness of state-owned enterprises and enhance the vitality of the state-owned economy. We should focus on serving the national strategy, make solid progress in strategic restructuring, and further promote the concentration of state-owned capital in important industries and key areas related to national security, the lifeline of the national economy, and the national economy and people's livelihood. We will unswervingly focus on industry and highlight the main business, formulate strategic development goals around the main business, promote the concentration of technology, talents, capital and other resources to the main business, and continuously enhance the profitability and market competitiveness of core business. Actively carry out professional integration, continue to promote the integration of resources in coal, steel, marine engineering equipment, environmental protection and other fields, and promote the optimization and upgrading of relevant industries. We will accelerate the disposal of inefficient and ineffective assets, do a good job in resolving excess capacity and "dealing with difficulties", effectively solve problems left over by history, and constantly improve the efficiency of state-owned capital allocation

accelerate the pace of improving the state-owned assets management system. Improving the state-owned assets management system is an important institutional guarantee for deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises and promoting the high-quality development of state-owned enterprises. In accordance with the requirements of strengthening the supervision of state-owned assets, focusing on capital management, we should continue to further promote the transformation of the functions of state-owned assets supervision and management institutions, accurately grasp the responsibilities of investors, and further clarify the regulatory boundaries. We will reform the authorized operation system of state-owned capital, expand pilot projects for state-owned capital investment and operating companies, grant enterprises more complete operational autonomy, and strive to improve the efficiency and level of state-owned capital operation. Innovate supervision methods and means, build a real-time state-owned assets supervision and management platform, establish systematic, scientific and effective supervision standards and systems, integrate supervision resources, form a joint supervision force, and effectively improve the efficiency of state-owned assets supervision and management. Focus on the overall, strategic and forward-looking issues related to the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises, focus on investigation and research, and strive to obtain a number of high-level research results, so as to provide solid theoretical support for promoting the reform and development of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises

play a greater role in undertaking major scientific research tasks. State owned enterprises are an important force in national scientific and technological innovation, and must actively act in undertaking major national scientific research tasks. We should concentrate our strengths to complete the "science and technology innovation 2030 - major projects", and take the initiative to create more national technology innovation centers, national key laboratories, engineering laboratories, engineering centers and other R & D platforms. Actively organize and implement major R & D tasks in industries with high industrial concentration and leading advantages. We will strengthen technological research and integration, equipment development and large-scale application, continuously enhance the ability of original innovation and independent innovation, undertake more major projects and projects, and effectively support the implementation of the national strategy

make greater breakthroughs in tackling key core technologies. Whether an enterprise can master the key core technologies determines whether it can maintain its core competitiveness for a long time and achieve long-term development in the fierce market competition. We should unswervingly strengthen independent innovation, invest more human, material and financial resources in the research and development of core technologies, and gather elite forces to tackle key problems. Follow the law of technological development, do a good job in the systematic technical layout, select the best from the best, and make key breakthroughs. Pay close attention to the layout in key areas related to the improvement of hard power and long-term development, and make a number of key core technological breakthroughs as soon as possible. Accurately grasp the development trend of the industry, take strategic forward-looking technology as the focus of strategic development, plan and deploy in advance, strive to achieve a number of forward-looking, original and disruptive technological achievements, and lead the future industrial development

make greater contributions to system integration innovation. Innovation is a complex system engineering, so we must break the barriers among the innovation subjects and form a strong resultant force of collaborative innovation. We should take the initiative to strengthen joint scientific and technological research, speed up the establishment of a technological innovation system with enterprises as the main body, market orientation and deep integration of industry, University and research, and form a collaborative innovation pattern with complementary functions and benign interaction between enterprises and scientific research institutions, universities and national laboratories. We will accelerate the improvement of the industrial innovation chain, solve the problem of "bottleneck" in industrial development, and promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productive forces. Actively integrate into the global innovation network, take the initiative to lead or participate in international big science programs and big science projects, and comprehensively improve the internationalization level of scientific and technological innovation of enterprises

greater strides have been made in system and mechanism innovation. Talents are the decisive factor to promote scientific and technological innovation, and innovative systems and mechanisms are the fundamental guarantee to stimulate the innovative vitality of talents. We should strengthen the construction of scientific and technological innovation policies and systems, strive to improve the efficiency of the innovation system, and stimulate strong innovation vitality. Take the lead in cultivating front-line innovative talents, young scientific and technological talents and highly skilled "craftsmen", and make new breakthroughs in vigorously cultivating and introducing high-level scientific and technological leading talents and high-level innovation teams. We will improve the talent evaluation mechanism, increase talent incentives, unblock talent development channels, establish a medium - and long-term incentive mechanism, and continuously stimulate innovation potential

new achievements have been made in deepening opening up and cooperation. In the past 40 years, the development of state-owned enterprises has been achieved under the conditions of opening up. In order to achieve high-quality development in the future, state-owned enterprises must further open up to the outside world and improve the level of international cooperation. We should strengthen our efforts in deepening reform

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