The hottest made in China cannot delay the Reindus

2022-08-18
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"Made in China" cannot delay the Reindustrialization strategic opportunity period

"made in China" cannot delay the Reindustrialization strategic opportunity period

China Construction machinery information

Guide: American manufacturing represented by 3D printing + intelligent technology is returning strongly. Since the financial crisis, the wave of global Reindustrialization has been higher and higher. Not only the United States and Europe and other developed countries want to take advantage of Reindustrialization to regain the competitive dominance of international manufacturing, but also some developing countries are taking advantage of Reindustrialization to be lower than China

the "made in America" represented by 3D printing + intelligent technology is returning strongly. Since the financial crisis, the global "Reindustrialization" wave after wave has been rising. Not only the United States and Europe and other developed countries want to take advantage of "Reindustrialization" to regain the competitive dominance of the international manufacturing industry, but also some developing countries are becoming new positions to accept the transfer of the global manufacturing industry with lower cost advantages than China. Can "made in China" continue to wait in the face of global changes

over the years, the low cost of "made in China" combined with international capital and technology has created globalization dividends, and China has also benefited greatly from globalization dividends. As a result, it has rapidly risen to become a global trading power, "made in China" has become a synonym for China's economic model

factor dividends are the first driving force for China's rapid growth. However, with the revaluation of China's factor value, all this is changing. As the peak of China's "demographic dividend" will pass, the further reversal of China's labor supply and demand will lead to a further rise in wages. Although the labor cost accounts for a relatively low proportion of granulators or other plastic machinery that are heated by natural gas in Xinjiang and other places, the rapidly narrowing wage gap between China and the United States has become an important factor. Chinese wages in US dollars are expected to increase by 15% - 20% per year, exceeding China's productivity growth. After considering the productivity of the United States, the once huge labor cost gap between the coastal areas of China and some low-cost states in the United States is expected to be reduced to less than 40% of the current level by 2015. When considering shipping costs and the complexity of global supply chains, such as hidden costs, China's cost advantage will become small

of course, labor cost is definitely not the only factor constituting the cost equation of manufacturing industry. Since 2010, the cost of electricity in China has soared by 15%. The rising price of imported thermal coal and the termination of preferential tax rates for high energy consuming enterprises have also pushed up the development costs of these industries, which account for 74% of China's electricity consumption. In addition, industrial land in China is no longer cheap. In fact, the price of commercial land in China has greatly exceeded that in the United States. The cost of industrial land in the coastal city of Ningbo is $11.15 per square foot, $14.49 in Nanjing, $17.29 in Shanghai and $21 in Shenzhen. The national average is $10.22 per square foot. In contrast, the cost of industrial land in Alabama is only $1.86 - $7.43 per square foot; In Tennessee and North Carolina, prices range from $1.30 to $4.65. If we consider that the decline in energy prices caused by the shale gas revolution will significantly reduce the cost of manufacturing in the United States, then this may mean that there are signs of long-term structural improvement in the U.S. manufacturing industry in the future, and it begins to enter an upward period

for China, the challenge is more than that. At present, the trend of labor-intensive manufacturing industry transferring to China has also begun to slow down. Vietnam, India, Mexico, Eastern Europe and other countries and regions have become new positions to accept the industrial transfer of industrialized countries with lower cost advantages than China. Made in ASEAN, made in India, and made in Mexico have begun to realize the supply substitution of made in China with cheaper cost factors

from the perspective of global industrial gradient transfer, "supply substitution" is an inevitable historical law, but the problem is that in the face of increasingly fierce "supply substitution", China's status as a global manufacturing power will inevitably be subject to metallographic testing method: cut the sample you want to test, then embed it, grind the embedded sample with a metallographic grinder, corrode and dry it, and then look at the microscope, the microscope has a 100 with scale Χ This is the biggest economic risk that China will face in the next decade. Made in China cannot delay the strategic opportunity period of global Reindustrialization again, and it is urgent to comprehensively revitalize "made in China"

first, the country should take "manufacturing power" as the top priority of its development strategy, and comprehensively promote the development of strategic emerging industries and traditional manufacturing industries. Second, promote the level of intelligence and informatization, constantly strengthen the wide application of intelligent technology in the manufacturing process, and vigorously promote the development of industrial generic technology. Third, one of the strategic measures to revitalize the manufacturing industry in the United States is to promote the localization of the manufacturing industry, from outsourcing to outsourcing. We should draw lessons from the hollowing out of American industry and actively encourage labor-intensive manufacturing outsourcing enterprises to transfer from coastal areas with high manufacturing costs to areas with low manufacturing costs in the central and western regions of China. Fourth, at present, "made in China" is still at the low end of the value chain, with low value-added rate and low total factor productivity. It is urgent to improve the value chain and enhance its competitiveness. Fifth, we should support enterprises to "go out and make a big step forward in the clinical utilization of brain computer interface technology", acquire or participate in foreign manufacturing enterprises and R & D institutions, and support enterprises' global competitiveness and global allocation of resources

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