The hottest made in China needs to cross four hurd

2022-08-20
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Recently, the 2017 world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference co hosted by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Chinese Academy of engineering, the China Association for science and technology and the people's Government of Jiangsu Province was held in Nanjing, with more than 200 industry experts and more than 300 domestic and foreign enterprises participating. Experts at the meeting believed that the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China still needs to overcome four hurdles: first, core technology is controlled by others, and key components are highly dependent on foreign countries. Second, the development of software system lags behind, and intelligent manufacturing tends to be "hard" rather than "soft". Third, the development of artificial intelligence lags behind, and there is insufficient collaboration among enterprises. Fourth, the product quality problem is prominent, and the enterprise lacks "craftsman spirit". China should give full play to its late development advantages and promote the technological route of the integrated development of digitalization, networking and intellectualization in parallel, so as to realize the all-round intelligent upgrading of China's manufacturing industry

in recent years, intelligent manufacturing has gradually become the focus of global economic competition. At the main forum of the 2017 world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference, Zhou Ji, President of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said: "today, the competition in the global manufacturing industry is intensifying, and China is in a critical period of leapfrog development from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country. We must seize the historical opportunity of intelligent manufacturing and realize a revolutionary industrial upgrading."

at present, China is firmly ranked as the world's largest manufacturing country, with more than 220 kinds of major industrial products ranking first in the world, and 56 manufacturing enterprises entering the list of the world's top 500 enterprises in 2015. From the big 1 spindle and its drive system, the spindle (1) is composed of Panasonic exchange electromechanical (2) and pwmc pulse width speed regulation control system. The rated torque of the electromechanical system is 9.545n · m, the pulse width speed regulation range is 10 (2) 000r/min, stepless constant torque, and the high-speed accuracy is 1% The maximum power of the Electromechanical is about 1.5KW. The information on the upper part of the main shaft (1) and electromechanical (2) shows that in recent years, China's intelligent manufacturing level has significantly improved, a number of core technology and equipment research and development and application have made new breakthroughs, some new intelligent manufacturing modes have begun to be copied and promoted, and the interconnected "mass entrepreneurship and innovation" platform has grown rapidly. The popularity of digital design tools in enterprises has exceeded 61.8%, and the NC rate of key technological processes has reached 45.4%. However, compared with developed countries such as the United States, Japan and Germany, China's intelligent manufacturing still has obvious gaps in many fields

at this session of the conference, the China Enterprise Federation issued the "China intelligent manufacturing green paper 2017", pointing out that China's intelligent manufacturing development still needs to deal with a series of challenges, including the weak supply capacity of key technology and equipment, weak basic conditions such as standards, industrial software and industrial interconnection, and the low enthusiasm of some enterprises

many industry experts said that at present, China still faces the following challenges in developing intelligent manufacturing:

first, core technology is controlled by others, and key components are highly dependent on foreign countries. You Zheng, vice president of Tsinghua University, believes that China is a large manufacturing country with the largest total number and a wide range of products. However, the fundamental reason for the lack of high-tech and leading-edge instruments and equipment lies in the lack of independent innovation ability. The core technology is abroad, and the key parts can only be imported in large quantities

second, the development of software system lags behind, and intelligent manufacturing tends to be "hard" rather than "soft". Academician Li Peigen, vice president of the consortium of intelligent manufacturing society of China Association for science and technology, believes that intelligent manufacturing is a combination of "hard capability + soft capability", which includes not only hardware such as robots, high-end CNC systems, sensors and driving mechanisms, but also software such as intelligent design, process simulation and workshop manufacturing execution system. The domestic thinking of "emphasizing hardware manufacturing and neglecting software development in this period" is relatively common, resulting in a more obvious gap between China's supply level of industrial software and developed countries

third, the development of artificial intelligence lags behind, and there is insufficient collaboration among enterprises. Artificial intelligence is the core field of Intelligent Manufacturing in the future. According to the data of CCID Research Institute and other institutions, the global AI market will reach 269.73 billion yuan in 2018, with a growth rate of 17%. At the end of 2016, the scale of China's AI market was less than 30billion yuan. Tan Tieniu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that China's AI production is 25 The maintenance room automatic control instrument industry is still in the initial stage of development, and the basic public service capacity is not strong. At the same time, China's AI industry is still dominated by fighting alone. Various enterprises have conducted some research in related fields, but there is a lack of coordination between technologies, interconnection between products and interaction between upstream and downstream

fourth, the product quality problem is prominent, and the enterprise lacks "craftsman spirit". At present, domestic intelligent products generally have poor stability and low reliability, which seriously affects their competitiveness in the high-end market. Many experts said that intelligent manufacturing is not only a pursuit of technology, but also a culture contained in manufacturing, which needs to study the dedicated "craftsman spirit"

intelligent manufacturing is the main direction of "made in China 2025" and the entry point for the deep integration of China's industrialization and industrialization. "For decades, the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in advanced countries has taken a series path of gradual upgrading from digitalization to networking and intelligence. For China, 30 college students from Zhejiang University of technology must give full play to their late development advantages and adopt a technological path of parallel promotion and integrated development of the three." Zhou Ji said

at the 2017 world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference, many industry insiders put forward suggestions to accelerate the integration and promote the development of intelligent manufacturing

first, accelerate the layout of industrial interconnection. Since the concept of "industrial interconnection" was put forward in 2012, IBM, Siemens, Huawei and other giants have laid out their plans one after another. At present, the world is basically starting on the same line. China should seize development opportunities, accelerate the construction of efficient and reliable industrial interconnection networks, strive to build an industrial interconnection platform ecosystem, accelerate the cultivation of industrial interconnection platforms, build cross industry and cross field industrial interconnection platforms, and build a number of enterprise level platforms that can support the digitalization, networking and intelligent transformation of enterprises

second, accelerate the cultivation of intelligent service ecosystem. The fundamental change of industrial mode and enterprise form is the theme of intelligent manufacturing and the main battlefield of service-oriented manufacturing. At present, Chinese enterprises have shifted from production center to market center. Now they should focus on customers, deeply study customers' personalized needs, connect customers and workshops with internet means, and even allow customers to participate in some production processes, let customers enter workshops, and build an intelligent manufacturing ecosystem

third, improve the safety of basic networks. With the continuous deepening of the integration of industrialization and industrialization, industrial information systems have gradually moved from stand-alone to interconnected, from closed to open, and security vulnerabilities and risks continue to emerge. In order to realize the healthy development of "interconnection + manufacturing industry", we must improve the protection ability of China's industrial information security, accelerate the development of industrial information security industry, increase the tackling of key technologies related to industrial information security industry, and promote the application of industrial information security products and services

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